Although biogas technology was first introduced by a school teacher around 1955 in nepal, as many as 150,000 family size biogas plants have been established by 28 june 2006 due to concerted efforts of many. Biogas was first introduced to nepal on an experimental basis in 1955. Despite the positive costbenefit of biogas technology, the macroenvironment, may discriminate against the uptake of biogas. A promising renewable technology and its impact on rural households in nepal nepal, one of the least developed countries. Considering that standardization of medium to large size biogas plants is still lacking, aepc has initiated this project in view of standardizing biogas plants of various large sizes i. Biogas plants improve rural life in nepal global ideas dw. Otherwise, the biology operates at a sleepy pace, and the fact is that there is no spot anywhere in the continental u. Nepal biogas project ewb puget sound professional chapter.
The development of the biogas sector in nepal has been possible due to the joint effort of different stakeholders. While cooking over open fires is damaging to health and to. A training manual for extension, food and agriculture. Biogas support programme fuels rural household energy supply in nepal the principal objective is to promote the widescale use of biogas as a substitute for wood, agricultural residues, animal dung and kerosene that are presently used for the. The slurry that is coproduct of the plant is used as organic fertilizer. The objective of the scalingup renewable energy program srepsupported extended biogas project is to promote large offgrid biogas energy generation in nepal. The demand for firewood was identified as a contributor to deforestation and indoor air pollution, with average smoke levels in kitchens. Everest biogas project team is a volunteer group of seattle engineers, which was formed in april 2010.
Free biogas digester plans the complete biogas handbook. Biogas support programme fuels rural household energy supply in nepal an estimated 2. These include the biogas sector partnership nepal bspnepal, the. However, a biogas plant seldom meets the owners need for status and recognition. Member companies nepal biogas promotion association. Pdf appraisal of domestic biogas plants in bangladesh. Next to hydropower, biogas has emerged as a major source of renewable energy in nepal, providing affordable energy to poor rural households. As per the data with pragati biogas energy pvt ltd, a company that has been working for the development and promotion of bio gas in the region, it has developed 25 large bio gas plants of 20 to 30.
The use of biogas technology in nepal has benefited the country in improving health, environment, economy and energy conservation. The first biogas plant in nepal is believed to have been installed in godavari school in the year 1955after that, a few plants were installed on an experimental basis in various parts of the country. Small scale bio gas plant of rs 70000 entrepreneurship renewable energy development program duration. The ggc2047 model was developed in 2047 bs 1990 ad. Currently, the biogas support program has a target of increasing the number of quality biogas plants by an additional 200 000 by 2009 in. Aug 16, 2015 small scale bio gas plant of rs 70000 entrepreneurship renewable energy development program duration. Biogas technology is extremely appropriate to the ecological and economic demands of the future.
Xaviers school, godavari, lalitpur two 200 litre metal oil drums were used, one as. A memorandum of understanding was signed with bsp nepal and the mt. Presented by ruihong zhang, uc davis, at the nreldoe biogas and fuel cells workshop held june 11, 2012, in golden, colorado. In nepal, studies have reported the mean age at which women attain menopause to be between 47 and 50 years rajbhandari et al. Biogas plant has been seen as one of the most popular and environmentally friendly strategies for tackling with climate change and improving livelihood of people in developing countries. Therefore, the data on community and institutional biogas plants is very limited. The following instructions are based on the stepbystep instructions from the government of nepal biogas support program gobar gas and agricultural equipment development company of nepal has developed the design for model 2047 biogas plant. Biogas support programme fuels rural household energy supply. In the past decade or so, villagers have started witnessing. Everest biogas project in 2010 to work together on this important project for the people of nepal. In order to protect local ecosystems, 7,500 small biogas plants are being.
A training manual for extension nepal september 1996 consolidated management services nepal p ltd. Boosting basic needs services in africa, tapping on asian best practices, bremen december 2005 christopher kellner, snv nepal renewable energy advisor to bsp. The report contains a list of suggested design improvements for the ggc2047 model biogas plant. The country saw introduction of first biogas digester in 1955. Nepals planned biogas program, supported by the cdcf, will extend the provision of biogas to an additional 162,000 rural households during the 10th five year plan period. Nepal biogas promotion association nbpa 6 1 nibp design improvements in 2008, the biogas audit team produced an evaluation report of the nepalese biogas sector. The development of the biogas sector in nepal has been possible due to the joint effort.
Wwf has been working with communities in nepal s terai arc region to implement biogas cookstoves since 2007. Its the same design as the nepal or gobar biogas plant. Available at the development and consulting services, or the edb service office, united mission to nepal, p. Sustainable biogas production potential from urban wastewater. To curb deforestation, farmers in the lowlands are switching from firewood to biogas for fuel. C making renewable energy mainstream supply in nepal some outcome indicators of domestic biogas s. The plants use cattle manure to provide biogas for cooking and lighting. The nepal biogas support program bsp is a successful model of development coope. A biogas plant can satisfy these high expectations only if it is well designed.
The initial experiences showed the feasibility of this technology for meeting a significant portion of rural household energy needs. Clean cooking and lighting energy clean indoor environment, clean utensils, etc. Nepal scalingup renewable energy program srepsupported extended biogas project. Greenhouse gas inventory reference manual ipcc guidelines for national. A biogas digester is the apparatus used to control anaerobic decomposition. Pdf on dec 1, 2015, amrit nakarmi and others published biogas as renewable. As shown in this figure, more than 111,000 biogas plants have been installed in nepal. Domestic biogas for cooking and sanitation summary the biogas sector partnership bsp in nepal managed the installation of over 124,000 domestic biogas plants in nepal between 1992 and 2005. Saving people and wildlife in the sacred valleys of nepal. Biogas energy as an alternative fuel source in nepal. The principle component of biogas is methane, a colorless and odorless gas that burns very easily. In this regard, a pivotal role has been played by biogas support program bsp, an independent nonprofit organization, through the financial assistance provided by the netherlands several factors have been attributed to the development of nepal s biogas sector, which include. Design and implementation of national domestic biogas.
The government of nepal with support from the development partners has been implementing the national rural and. A glimpse into community and institutional biogas plants. What are some of the factors that make nepal an ideal location for. To promote biogas technology all over nepal, bsp is acting at different levels national, district, local and combining numerous methods. Nepal has a history of over 50 years of modern biogas technology development. We are proud to announce that the mount everest biogas project has been officially launched.
What role did subsidies play in implementing a biogas system in nepal. Within each age group, we matched cooks using biogas to those using wood by their age, bmi and socioeconomic score, with all of these variables used on a continuous scale. The feed material is mixed with a tool to reduce particle size and blend. Jun 03, 2016 a survey research was conducted to study the feasibility of biogas plant installation in chitwan district of nepal. Lsrc was also merged into adbn within few years of its. Altogether 120 households, 60 from gitanagar and 60 from patihani were selected using the simple random sampling technique comprising 30 adopters and 30 non adopters of biogas from each vdc. Find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. The building of plants is organised by two regional offices in western butwal and eastern terai biratnagar and by 11 district offices belonging to these as well the dissemination office in.
Pdf on dec 1, 2015, amrit nakarmi and others published biogas as renewable source of energy in nepal. The table below gives some relevant data about these six different sizes of biogas. Domestic biogas production and use in nepal massey research. Currently, the biogas support program has a target of increasing the number of quality biogas plants by an additional 200 000 by 2009 in at least 70 out of the 75 districts of nepal. Biogas upgradation to natural gas quality, biocng, for use as transport fuel these projects are in addition to the household units, small and large power generation projects based on cattle manure and industrial wastes. The technology of production of biogas has become quite popular in the developing countries especially in china, india and nepal. For the biogas process, warm means at or very near the body temperature of a mammal. Biogas plants improve rural life in nepal global ideas. Global ideas biogas plants improve rural life in nepal. The ggc biogas programme is the only supraregional dissemination programme in nepal. Sustained use of biogas fuel and blood pressure among. The strengths and weaknesses of private sector in the biogas support program in nepal abstract wide scale promotion of domestic biogas was started in nepal once biogas support program bsp was established in 1992. The total number of biogas systems installed in nepal up to july 1998 was approximately 49,000 units, of which more than 37,000 were constructed under the bsp benefiting more than 200,000 members of rural households. Book and reports united mission to nepal 1985 biogas challenge and experience from nepal vol.
Xaviers school, godavari, lalitpur two 200 litre metal oil drums were used, one as a digester and other as a gas holder. Current situation and experienceslesson learnt raju laudari sr. Boosting basic needs services in africa, tapping on asian best practices, bremen december 2005 christopher kellner, snvnepal renewable energy advisor to bsp. Presentation about uc daviss biogas technologies and integration with fuel cells. Snvs involvement in nepals biogas sector was initiated in 1989 with the first. Overview of biogas in india global methane initiative. Biogas development is one of the governments priority programmes in nepal to. Oct 26, 2010 ein klimaschutzprojekt des wwf geht im nepalesischen tiefland einen ungewohnlichen weg. There have been many studies of household scale biogas plants in nepal, but only a few of community and institutional biogas plants. Biogas technology in nepal fast dissemination, addressing rural poor, sustainable approach for borda.
Economically, biogas systems have been shown to be costeffective. The biogas support programme bsp in nepal managed the installation of over 200,000 domestic biogas plants between 1992 and 2009. Biogas support programme fuels rural household energy. During the programs first phase, we constructed 7,500 biogas plants connected to improved stoves that are benefitting the lives of 37,500 people. When handled properly, biogas is an excellent fueld for cooking, lighting, and heating. In late 2006, nepal was recovering from a decade long conflict and was one of the poorest countries in the world. Nepals planned biogas program, supported by the cdcf, will extend the provision of biogas to an additional 162,000 rural households during the. There is also no agency responsible for monitoring community and institutional biogas plants in nepal. The success or failure of any biogas plant primarily depends upon the quality of construction work. A promising renewable technology and its impact on rural. The strengths and weaknesses of private sector in the.
If the design and size of the plant other than mentioned above is chosen, the subsidy is not allowed. Cdm fund is emerging as one of the potential source for financing biogas and there are also cases where ingos and local. Countries with an existing biogas programme being nepal, vietnam, bangladesh, cambodia, laos, indonesia and pakistan. The regular investment cost of a biogas plant in bangladesh is about usd 400 while for pakistan, nepal, vietnam, china, rwanda, tanzania, and kenya were estimated to be 426, 547,480, 293, 6. In this paper, we present the state of the biogas sector in nepal. Biogas plants growing in popularity nepal news, latest. What was the history of biogas and biogas programs in nepal from 1955 to the present. Biogas support program nepal bspnepal activity 1 resources. Nepal is one of the least developed countries with the vast majority of people involved in subsistence agriculture. Biogas support program in nepal english the world bank. Biogas sector partnershipnepalbspnepal is a professional nongovernmental organization involved in developing and promoting appropriate rural and renewable energy technologies, particularly, biogas, effective in improving livelihood of the rural people.
History of biogas nepal biogas promotion association. As in many villages of nepal, farming is the traditional occupation. A survey research was conducted to study the feasibility of biogas plant installation in chitwan. Similarly, figure 1 shows the number of biogas plants installed between 1982 and 2003 in nepal. The nepal biogas support program the bsp is a successful model of development cooperation, technological innovation, financial. Renewable energy development strategies and solid biomass. Stakeholders in bsp in nepal 2 nepal biogas promotion group. In the case study how do human rights come into play. Financial feasibility of the biogas plant installation in.
Nepal scalingup renewable energy program srepsupported. Thermal, 58% hydro, 18% nuclear 2% renewable, % gas, 9% thermal. Officially there are two instruments namely biogas subsidy and biogas credit fund applied for financing domestic biogas plants in nepal. Biogas plants are appropriate to the technical abilities and economic capacity of third world farmers. A chronology of biogas development events in nepal is shown in. The team consists of members from ewbpsp, retired engineers from industry, university of washington and seattle university faculty, seattle aec consulting firms, and members from seattle professional chapter of engineers without borders ewb. Possible new biogas countries like bhutan, sri lanka. Renewal request for nepal biogas support programpoa. In addition, about 75% of the plants incorporate toilets. Renewable energy development strategies and solid biomass fuels in nepal tara nath bhattarai institute of engineering, tribhuban university, kathmandu formerly with the fao regional wood energy development project introduction energy is essential to economic and social development and to improve the quality of life of the nepalese people.63 657 1241 1177 1001 276 1306 523 978 210 883 1071 1403 1427 1186 160 123 1145 75 758 293 896 670 76 450 680 581 1520 1433 531 1455 829 1266 344 738 41 1108 359 878 1166 666